A Fusion-based Enhancing Method for Weakly Illuminated Images

Abstract: We propose a straightforward and efficient fusion-based method for enhancing weakly illumination images that uses several mature image processing techniques. First, we employ an illumination estimating algorithm based on morphological closing to decompose an observed image into a reflectance image and an illumination image. We then derive two inputs that represent luminance-improved and contrast-enhanced versions of the first decomposed illumination using the sigmoid function and adaptive histogram equalization. Designing two weights based on these inputs, we produce an adjusted illumination by fusing the derived inputs with the corresponding weights in a multi-scale fashion. Through a proper weighting and fusion strategy, we blend the advantages of different techniques to produce the adjusted illumination. The final enhanced image is obtained by compensating the adjusted illumination back to the reflectance. Through this synthesis, the enhanced image represents a trade-off among detail enhancement, local contrast improvement and preserving the natural feel of the image. In the proposed fusion-based framework, images under different weak illumination conditions such as backlighting, non-uniform illumination and nighttime can be enhanced.

Matlab Code:  Matlab code.zip

enhanced video result: input video is at the top and enhanced result is at the bottom.

choose different videos:


enhanced video results download:   bear.avi   boat.avi   wharf.avi   driving.avi

enhanced image results:



comparisons of image separation:

[1] Y. Li, M. S. Brown, Single image layer separation using relative smoothness, in: Proc. IEEE Conf. Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 2014, pp. 2752–2759.
[2] Y. Li, F. Guo, R. T. Tan, M. S. Brown, A contrast enhancement framework with jpeg artifacts suppression, in: Proc. European Conf. Computer Vision, 2014, pp. 174–188.